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HYCOM + NCODA Gulf of Mexico 1/25° Reanalysis (GOMu0.04/expt_50.1) Print
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Title: HYCOM GOMu0.04 Reanalysis
Resolution: 1/25° (0.04)
Institution: Naval Research Laboratory
Date/Data Range: 1993-01-01 to 2012-12-31
Experiment: 50.1
Configuration: blkdat.input_501
Topography: depth_GOMu0.04_03i.nc

System Description

HYCOM is designed as a generalized (hybrid isopycnal/σ/z) coordinate ocean model. It is isopycnal in the open stratified ocean, but reverts to a terrain-following coordinate in shallow coastal regions, and to z-level coordinates near the surface in the mixed layer. This generalized vertical coordinate approach is dynamic in space and time via the layered continuity equation, which allows a dynamical transition between the coordinate types. Like MICOM, HYCOM allows isopycnals intersecting sloping topography by allowing zero thickness layers. HYCOM was developed from MICOM using the theoretical foundation for implementing a hybrid coordinate system set forth in Bleck and Boudra (1981; J. Phys. Oceanogr.), Bleck and Benjamin (1993; Mon. Wea. Rev.), Bleck (2002; Ocean Modelling), Chassignet et al. (2003, J. Phys. Oceanogr.) and Halliwell (2003; Ocean Modelling).

HYCOM is maintained as a single scalable/portable source code. The Gulf of Mexico model has 1/25° equatorial resolution and latitudinal resolution of 1/25° cos(lat) or ~3.5 km for each variable at mid-latitudes. This version has 36 coordinate surfaces in the vertical. The version of the HYCOM used is 2.2.99B. The experiment includes tidal forcing.

Data Assimilation

The system uses the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation (NCODA) system (Cummings, 2005, Cummings and Smedstad, 2013) for data assimilation. NCODA uses the model forecast as a first guess in a 3D variational scheme and assimilates available satellite altimeter observations (along track obtained via the Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) Altimeter Data Fusion Center) satellite and in-situ Sea Surface Temperature (SST) as well as available in-situ vertical temperature and salinity profiles from XBTs, Argo floats and moored buoys. MODAS synthetics are used for downward projection of surface information (Fox et al., 2002).

  • Incremental updating over 6 hours, from the NCODA analysis at 12Z the previous day until 18Z
  • MODAS is a U.S. Navy product and is not available for public distribution

Experiment Details

The experiment was run at the Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) Major Shared Resource Center. Forcing for the ocean model come from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR, Saha et al., 2010). The open boundary conditions are provided by the global HYCOM reanalysis. The native HYCOM .[ab] data are interpolated to a uniform 1/25° grid (GOMu0.04), converted to NetCDF and interpolated to 40 standard z-levels. The following (5) variables/fields (CF Standard Names) are provided:

  • sea_surface_elevation (aka: surf_el, SSH, sea surface height)
  • water_temp (aka: in-situ temperature, Water Temperature)
  • sea_water_salinity (aka: salinity)
  • eastward_sea_water_velocity (aka: water_u)
  • northward_sea_water_velocity (aka: water_v)


(Cummings and Smedstad, 2013)
J. A. Cummings and O. M. Smedstad. 2013: Variational Data Assimilation for the Global Ocean. Data Assimilation for Atmospheric, Oceanic and Hydrologic Applications vol II, chapter 13, 303-343.
(Cummings, 2005)
Cummings, J.A., 2005: Operational multivariate ocean data assimilation. Quart. J. Royal Met. Soc., Part C, 131(613), 3583-3604.
(Fox et al., 2002)
Fox, D.N., W.J.Teague, C.N. Barron, M.R. Carnes, and C.M. Lee, 2002. The Modular Ocean Data Assimilation System (MODAS). J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 19, 240-252.
(Saha, S. et al., 2010)
Saha, S. et al., The NCEP climate forecast system reanalysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010BAMS3001.